Anti-personnel landmines are explosive devices typically concealed under or on the ground and designed to be activated by an enemy when approached. APLs were once considered highly useful and fully legitimate defensive weapon and were deployed in a number of modern conflicts. However, the downside of landmines – predisposition for indiscriminate killing well after the war was over – has been recognized early. This knowledge culminated in the NGOs led International Campaign to Ban Landmines, which successfully used stigmatization strategies to achieve a complete ban of the APLs in the Ottawa Treaty.
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